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Protecting hair from the sun and the sea

Protecting hair from the sun and the sea
Protecting hair from the sun and the sea

Between the sun, wind, salt, chlorine, our hair in summer are rather abused. Discover all our advice to take care and keep a beautiful hair.
The sun is good ... in small doses!

In summer, the sun can have positive effects on our hair, you only know how to balance:
It gives beautiful reflections,
it activates the circulation of microvessels,
it binds calcium to the hair by causing production of vitamin D.

Beware of overdose: the harmful effects of the sun

Infrared drying the skin and alter the pH of the scalp, causing dandruff.
Chlorine dries out the hair and hair color abyss.
Salt and sand irritate the scalp and can cause itching.
The wind carries with it the dust that sticks to the hair and dull hair. And beware of nodes in long hair!

The right thing to protect hair from the sun and the sea

Before you go swimming, coat your hair with a special protective hair oil which contains UV filters: this will form a "barrier" that will put protective immune your hair during your bath.
When you get out of the water, consider rinse your hair if you are near a shower: Otherwise, consider taking with you a clear water bottle.
In the evening, mandatory mild shampoo and conditioner for long hair. And twice a week, apply a regenerating mask on your hair: shea, cocoa butter, argan, the principles contained in these masks will soften and repair damaged hair.

Tip before bed

Before going to bed, apply on your castor oil spikes or lawyer. Nattez your hair and then spend the night with this mat. Softness guaranteed thing in the morning!

Dry Hair - What to do?

Dry Hair - What to do?

Dry Hair - What to do?
Dry Hair - What to do?

split ends

Although a good time to chisel stroke recovery time regrow hair, you can feed them up if you want to keep your length. A tip? Before you shampoo, coat your oil spikes (argan oil type) and leave on for half an hour. Proceed to shampoo, do not forget the mask and let it dry in the open air (the dryer tends to damage the hair).
Allier blow dry and soft hair

It is true that the hair dryer has a tendency to attack the hair fiber. Before drying, apply special care "before brushing" that will protect the hair fiber. If your hair dryer is equipped with a temperature controller, prefer a gentle heat, cold look. Also note that some hairdryer are equipped with a tank that distributes a product softener!
Dry and oily roots tips

Your hair is mixed type.
For washing, use a shampoo with absorbent power, clay-based example.
Apply a nourishing mask only on the lengths and ends.
To avoid exciting the sebaceous glands that cause "fat" appearance to the roots, do not rub your hair with a towel, but wrap them around and let it dry naturally.

Protecting hair summer

Sun, wind, salt or chlorine does not mix well with your hair. Apply before swimming a nourishing oil, and repeat the application every bathrobe.
Dry and frizzy hair

The miracle product does not exist, but for very dry frizzy hair is used very often avocado products and oil-based masks, shea butter, argan and jojoba oil with very nourishing.
Restore shine

After shampooing, leave on your mask for 5 minutes.
One trick grandma consists of adding to the rinse water a little vinegar, with astringent properties that will tighten the hair scales.
Rinse with cold water also.

Mask for dry hair "home"

Mix 1 egg yolk, 4 tablespoons of honey and a little almond oil.
Apply to dry, unwashed hair and leave on for at least 30 minutes.
Proceed to shampoo.
Satin effect guaranteed!

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Dandruff - How to get rid of?

Dandruff - How to get rid of?
Dandruff - How to get rid of?

Tinea capitis the more commonly known films are common: they touch indeed one in three. They can be very numerous and persistent and require specific treatment.
What causes dandruff?

Dandruff corresponding to a rapid turnover of scalp cells: These cells by eliminating stand scalp and form a white powder (dry dandruff) or fat particles (oily dandruff).
dry dandruff

The dry films are in the form of a white powder: they do not cause itching and are troublesome as a aesthetic point of view.
oily film

Oily dandruff form plaques larger or smaller that stick to the scalp, causing itching see hair loss. They can even be the cause of the proliferation of fungi.
treatment

If your dandruff is dry, use dandruff shampoo Adaptations generally found in such products as active cade oil, tar or zinc that slow desquamation and cell turnover.

Oily dandruff may require antifungal base and salicylic acid treatment that destroy particles and greasy agglomerates. The treatment usually lasts about ten days and can be used 2 times a week shampoo in leaving or cure of bulbs to be applied to the scalp.

In any case, if the dandruff persists, consult your dermatologist.
Tips and habits

Eat foods containing vitamin A (which cleanses the scalp and soothes irritation):
carrots,
apricots,
liver
parsley,
Yam,
chard,
Fish.

.
The air is too dry can aggravate dandruff. Use humidifiers....

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The latest advances in hair transplant

The latest advances in hair transplant
The latest advances in hair transplant

When baldness is pronounced or becomes embarrassing hair transplant appears as a solution, albeit a little expensive, but mostly aesthetic, durable and discreet. Today, two main techniques are used by practitioners: the method called the "strip" and FUE. Amar doctor, dermatologist specializing in hair transplant, says all of the hair transplant to make his choice with confidence.


If baldness is a typically male problem, some women also suffer from hair loss. In recent years, surgery has advanced to painless interventions under local anesthesia and without significant downtime.
But we opt for one or the other technique, in both cases the aim is to implant placement. "What makes the difference is how to remove the bulbs," says Dr. Amar. Samples that are always in the same place at the back of the skull in the occipital area where the hair is the richest, most provided. "In this area, the hair is programmed to last. They have a longer life expectancy than the rest of the skull."

The method of the strip

Surgery against the calvitieLe principle: A horizontal strip of 1 cm wide is removed under local anesthesia on a length which is from 12 up to 23 cm that is to say a maximum of one ear to the other. Then, the micro-strip is cut to get the bulbs that are implanted and thus redistributed on bald areas. The dermatologist closes the sampling region using sutures which will leave a thin horizontal linear scar of a millimeter wide at the back of the head. "This technique is used by 90% of practitioners because it provides a large amount of good quality implants," says professional.

For who? This technique is aimed at both men and women. Hedge capacity is larger than the FUE and strip is particularly suitable for large balding.

The duration of the operation: It lasts 2 to 3 hours during which 1 200 to 1500 implants were removed and reimplanted into the bald areas or hair an amount of from 3 000 to 5 000 hairs (each implant carries 1 4 natural hair according to the anatomical distribution of the human being).

Post-operative pain and suites: No pain during the operation which is performed under local anesthesia. By cons, after the operation of tightness can be felt and forehead may swell a few days because of the anesthesia. Moreover, crusts will be formed at the point of impact of the implants and will disappear on average within 8 to 10 days.

Result: The result becomes final eight months to a year after surgery. If a new session is required, it will be done after an interval of 1 year compared to the first session.

Cost: Approximately 5000 to 6000 € per session (TTC). Some practitioners offer packages, other rates depending on the number of grafts.

Advantages: For the dermatologist, "this technique can take a large amount of implants and quality Regrowth one year is very good.".

Disadvantages: The main drawback of the technique of the strip is the scar it leaves the back of the head. However, the new closing techniques allow to refine and above all, it is always possible to hide with the hair.

FUE

The principle FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) is a technique that has take the bulbs out of the rear of the donor scalp directly using a small surgical drill 1 to 0.7 millimeters in diameter. The bulbs are then reimplanted in the areas to be covered. This technique is not intended for large balding theory, but rather is suitable for small areas. In the vast majority of cases the sampling zone must be completely shaved, which can be problematic.

For who? FUE is especially recommended for people who will have a less efficient healing (and paradoxically a less visible scar). For this reason, in men, the reserve is primarily to age 35. This technique is less recommended for women because it requires in most cases to shave the donor area and that they spontaneously heal better than men.

The duration of the operation: Between 5 to 10 hours, depending on the area to be covered, during which the patient is sitting or lying down.

Treat damaged hair

Treat damaged hair
Treat damaged hair

Winter tends to weaken the hair and cause them to lose their natural luster. External attacks are indeed true events. Repair damaged hair by the summer or protect them during the coming months will help to protect the scalp. Each season is a real test for the hair.

The environment (sand, sea water, chlorine in swimming pools, pollution, wind, snow ...) may
Dull the hair,
Damaging a color
Slow the growth,
Promote hair loss,
Cause irritation of the scalp,
Itchy.

Solutions to protect her hair from the winter

There are ways to repair damaged or very damaged hair:
Moisturize skin and hair by drinking plenty of water,
Cut the tips damaged,
Space shampoos: 1-2 times a week maximum,
Avoid repeated use of hair dryer and flat iron, which burn the hair
Avoid ammonia-based colors and prefer those with henna, more natural
Avoid alcoholic gel that promotes hair loss.

A good diet

To ensure the strength of the hair, a healthy lifestyle is recommended. A damaged or brittle hair can indeed be a sign of nutritional deficiencies: poor diet, stress ... We must reinvigorate the then interior.

The ideal diet consists of protein, sulfur, zinc, iron and vitamin B. The egg yolk and lentils contain these five elements and therefore are strongly recommended.

The sport is also beneficial: it helps eliminate toxins from the body and keeps stress No. 1 enemy of hair. Indeed, it provoked strong reactions in the scalp, accelerating hair loss. Note: Magnesium helps to soothe the daily tensions.

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You are a woman, you lose your hair?

You are a woman, you lose your hair?

You are a woman, you lose your hair?

Hair loss is resented by most women. It can cause anxiety, stress, or even depression, symptoms that can also help maintain this fall.


What to do if you notice a drop in abnormally high hair?


Do not panic. Hair loss may be transient and may have dozens of possible causes. This is not a reason to neglect it.


First, LOOK! Go see a dermatologist, preferably a specialist in diseases of the scalp. Only a doctor can tell you where did YOU fall and how to treat it.


The main causes vary and women can be:


1 - A hyper-androgenicity (excess of male hormones in the body), the origin of which may be a problem with the adrenal glands, ovaries and pituitary gland, or heredity.


The most common of hyper-androgenicity symptoms: greasy hair, oily skin (with or without acne), hirsutism (excess hair, or hair in unusual places in women), irregular or stopping rules, rules too close and abundant, galactorrhea (abnormal milk flow), rapid weight gain without change in lifestyle (especially if excess fat is around the waist rather than the hips).


The hyper-androgenicity be treated with medications that will regulate the rate and hormonal fluctuations so that the body works normally again and the hair loss stops. This drop is on the top of the head (vertex) or on the front (above the forehead and temples), and is characterized by a broadening of the line with a crown spared.


2 - androgenic alopecia: the issue is not necessarily an excess of male hormones, but rather a hair hypersensitivity to male hormones, although the rate is normal.


The cause is genetic, and treatment is hormonal. The location of the drop is very similar to that caused by hyper-androgenicity. Note that taking contraceptive SOME PILLS can cause androgenic fall, because they contain some progestins mimic male hormones in some of their effects.


3 - A dietary deficiency.


Iron deficiency (iron deficiency anemia type), calcium, essential vitamins, protein and essential fatty acids, or just an overly restrictive diet can lead to hair loss more or less important. The body is wise and protects the face of a too severe food restriction, focusing on key bodies and leaving out everything that is not essential to survival, such as hair and hair. This drop is diffuse and therefore affects the whole head.


4 - A thyroid dysfunction.


A thyroid not active enough or too much can cause significant hair loss. A blood test can give a first idea of the operation and the status of your thyroid.


5 - An autoimmune disease.


This is what is known as alopecia areata. Hair fall in neat circles plates and leave without hair. It may be total (no more hair on the head) or universal (no more hair or body hair), but mostly, it remains limited and resolves spontaneously. The psychological state appear to play a role in the appearance and disappearance of this disease sometimes recurrent, the exact causes are still unclear.


6 - A parasite.


Ringworm is the most common parasites of the scalp. This is a fungus that "mow" the hair at the base, leaving the circles where they do more than 1 or 2 mm in height. The treatment is simple and effective.


7 - In postmenopausal women, estrogen deficiency.


Estrogen protects women's hair. At menopause, with the cessation of ovarian activity, estrogen levels drop, but the adrenal glands continue to produce male hormones. This causes a drop in androgen type, which is most often hindered by hormone replacement therapy (HRT) the most balanced possible.


8 - pregnancies.
  
Some women lose a lot of hair in 2-4 months after giving birth, following the significant decline in female hormone levels. If there are no other problems subjacent, the fall will stop spontaneously about 2 months after it began, and the hair will grow back. There is in principle nothing else to do but wait, but you can supplement vitamins (yeast) to promote regrowth.


9 - other causes.
  
Currently there is much talk of stress and pollution as possible causes. Only your doctor can hope to accurately diagnose the cause of your hair loss.


What tests achieve?


If you lose your hair and diffusely over the entire head, the doctor will probably prescribe a blood test to check for possible iron deficiency or a thyroid problem. In general, an iron supplement is enough to stem the fall in cases of anemia. Thyroid, it depends on the problem detected. These are the Reversing Falls.


If the fall is located on the top of the head, the doctor will confirm the diagnosis by hormonal dosage and sometimes trichogram (review of levying hair in three different parts of the head - front, top and rear) to find out where the fall is abnormal, the number of dystrophic hair - or too fine - and to monitor the effectiveness of treatments. Most of the time, the drop stops with a targeted treatment and it may be back, especially if the problem is dealt with fairly quickly.


The most common in case of fall androgen treatment:


1 - The Pill. The only three to have an anti-androgen action are Diane 35 (and its generics), Jasmine and Jasminelle.


2 - The anti-androgenic: Androcur (cyproterone acetate), Aldactone (spironolactone), Propecia or Proscar (finasteride), Avodart (dutasteride). Note that the latter two do not have a marketing authorization in France for hair loss in women, and a reliable contraception is absolutely essential because they can cause serious fetal malformations.


3 - Minoxidil.


In case of hyper-androgenicity:


Consultation with an endocrinologist is often necessary because the treatment will differ depending on the cause (adrenals or ovaries) and depending on the severity of the case.


In case of alopecia areata:


In most cases, the doctor will prescribe a cream containing corticosteroids. Heavier treatments exist if the disease becomes more important. Medical surveillance will be implemented. Other treatments are currently being tested.


The most common causes of hair loss in women is androgenetic alopecia and anemia.


Now that you can better position in relation to your downfall, do not hesitate to ask questions on this forum, other women are willing to share their experience, their feelings and their treatments!
  
  
  



Medical and surgical treatment of alopecia
  
We will not discuss here the loss of hair that a specific cause and a specific treatment, such as certain deficiencies or hormonal disorders. It is rather interested in androgenic alopecia and other types of hair loss that are irreversible until further order, such as scars or trauma death follicles by compression or by the chronic tightness of trichotillomania.
  
Medications: Here is a list of treatment options currently under discussion. We invite you to consult your doctor for further information.
  
Minoxidil is an old drug used in hypertension. Difficult to tolerate, it had different side effects such as increased hair growth. It is thus used in androgenetic alopecia in lotion to reduce the tendency to hypotension, and at different concentrations according to safety and efficacy.
Usually applied 2 times a day, must in principle take about six months to expect to see slow or stop hair loss. Discontinuation of the situation back to the starting point: the fall continues.
The mode of action of the product is still poorly understood. Vascular component is very likely, but not enough to explain the effect.
The product, rather cheap, are under different names and compounding.
  
The aminexil: this lotion is a kind of derivative of minoxidil. Counter, its efficacy is however generally less.
  
Finasteride: This is initially a drug used for the treatment of benign prostatic hypertrophy. By blocking the conversion of free testosterone into DHT, it can slow down and stop androgenetic alopecia. Usually administered at 1 mg / day about, you also need some time to see the possible benefit. The most common side effect is a decrease in libido, transient principle, but can however lead to discontinuation of treatment in many cases.
This product is normally not recommended for women of childbearing age because it can lead to fetal malformations.
  
The dutasteride: Drug hormonal placed on the French market in 2004, to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia. It is a recent development in the same category as finasteride. It seems more efficient, but also more difficult to tolerate. It has yet to market approval, however may soon be on the US market.

Spironolactone: is a long-standing drug cheap, which belongs to a class of diuretics. It has an anti-androgenic activity a priori interesting, but the indication and its cons-indications should be well weighed by a doctor.
  
Surgical treatment
  
It is not to favor a priori. An old adage still applies, is that the surgery is a kind of admission of failure of medicine; Priority is always given to effective drug treatment to regrow hair fell recently and especially to preserve the remaining hair capital. For the time being, the surgery is only entitled to redistribute the remaining hair, nothing more.
  
The (micro-) hair transplant: This is the most practiced of the scalp operations. It involves removing hair in a place where they fall very late in life, and to implement them in areas that believes should be covered to obtain the best aesthetic impact possible.
The former technique, rarely used nowadays involves removing circles (punches) scalp at the back of the skull, in the area called Hippocratic crown. Large grafts, a typical diameter of 5 to 8 mm, usually comprise from 5 to about 30 hairs. The two main causes for the loss of speed of this technique are the reasons of persistence subsequent scars give sprawl unsightly appearance when the hair is wet or short, and the aspect "doll hair" in location of regrowth. This is caused by the disappearance of the skin graft, thus leaving many hair out of a single hole.
Currently, more transplants and especially mini micrografts. Having usually only one follicle (follicular transplantation), which comprises from 1 to 4 hairs, these transplants are done in two main ways:


- The FUT (Follicular Unit Transplantation): one or more strips of scalp are removed in the Hippocratic crown and cut to the naked eye, magnifying glass in front or under a stereoscopic microscope (magnification 20 to 30 times) for the finest hair clearer before being implanted into very thin slits with very small blades, needles or a small instrument called Choi implanter.
- FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction): This is an improvement of the old technique of large grafts, which are removed through small "punch" of small diameter (often well below the millimeter) to leave no real scar and thus afford to wear very short hair, see to remain free shave without leaving any visible trace big at the crown.
  
These two methods each have their indications, advantages and disadvantages, which are the subject of heated debate among the public, while the medical community remains largely divided in their choices. Hair regrowth usually starts between the 3rd and 6th postoperative month.
  
The Calvitron / Omnigraft: This unit was created to automate as much as possible micro-hair transplant. On some to be complex and delicate use, it is used by some practitioners.
  
The scalp reduction: This technique involves removing a piece of hairless skin or very sparse, in principle at the posterior 2/3 of the vertex (crown). The skin is sutured after stretching the surrounding areas and sometimes pre-dilatation with a stent such as the one created by Dr. Fréchet. In a relatively short procedure, an immediate result is obtained, which will most often be further improved by a transplant in the next few months.
The scalp reduction, little practiced and mastered by few practitioners, allows partially correct area without having yet begun the capital (limited) transplantable grafts alopecia.
  
The rotation flaps: currently very little used, demanding great skill in plastic surgery, dexterity and experience, this technique is its most typical case of moving a flap of skin temporoparietal 90 ° to the before to recreate a new front line. This method, again, requires great skill because it can result in necrosis (death) of the flap moved.

We expect the babbling of Enzolebel on "hair additions"

Thank you to Cherry, Lelis and Enzo for writing.

hair loss or hair thinning

hair loss or hair thinning

description
hair loss or hair thinning


The term applies to alopecia hair loss or hair from any part of the body for whatever reason. There are several forms of alopecia, from the scarcity of hair baldness.

Diffuse alopecia (hair thinning) most frequently affects the elderly, both men and women.

The androgenic alopecia concerns people of all ages. Despite its masculine name, it also affects women. It is genetic, meaning that a family history of androgen alopecia is a predisposing factor. This form of hair loss is related to an excessive amount of male hormones (androgens) around the hair follicles, preventing hair growth for both men and women who are more susceptible after menopause, when the body produces less female hormones.

Most cases of hair loss are due to androgenic alopecia. Approximately 50% of men aged 50 years and 15% of women who have not yet reached menopause have androgenic alopecia more or less pronounced.

Alopecia areata or alopecia areata is characterized by some bald patches on the scalp where hair growth however is possible plates. Alopecia areata is more common in some families and it often appears in childhood. It seems that this hair loss is related to an immune disorder, that is to say, the natural defenses of the body mistakenly attacks its own tissues. Once hair loss has occurred, a new growth is blocked for weeks or months at these places. This type of alopecia sometimes occurs in people who are suffering from other diseases "autoimmune" as some thyroid disease, lupus and pernicious anemia. Sometimes, alopecia areata can cause total baldness (alopecia totalis) or complete body hair fall (alopecia universalis).

The telogen effluvium is a form of hair loss often associated with pregnancy, use of certain medications or because of surgery. It is characterized by the passage of a larger amount of hair in the resting phase (telogen), during which the hair is ready to fall. This type of alopecia usually improves spontaneously after a few months.

The scarring alopecia is a form of hair loss that causes the formation of scar areas where hair does not grow back. This type of alopecia can be caused by different factors. Fungus, for example, can leave permanent bald patches.

causes

Alopecia has many possible causes. Hair loss - temporary or permanent - can be triggered by several factors, including allergies, irritants, toxins, burns, wounds and infections. We also know that certain medications (especially anabolic steroids), chronic renal failure, radiation and chemotherapy can cause hair loss. Sometimes hair loss can be caused by an overdose of vitamin A, iron deficiency, anemia, a disorder of the thyroid gland, fever or pregnancy.

Symptoms and Complications

The scarcity of hair is the most obvious symptom of androgenic alopecia. The first male alopecia at the crown or temples, or both. Men also tend to have the front that dismantles. Women less frequently observe this phenomenon. Men can go completely bald, but in general women do not lose all their hair.

Alopecia areata is noticed by a sudden fall of hair as small round patches on the scalp. Sometimes it is facial or body hair that fall in this way. The nails of these people may be scattered small marks or have small cup-shaped depressions. This disorder often develops in spurts between which the hair and hair grows back.

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